WireDraw: 3D Wire Sculpturing Guided with Mixed Reality

Author List

Ya-Ting Yue

The University of Hong Kong

Xiaolong Zhang

The University of Hong Kong

Yong-Liang Yang

University of Bath

Gang Ren

Xiamen University of Technology

Yi-King Choi

The University of Hong Kong

Wenping Wang

The University of Hong Kong

Project Introduction


The availability of commodity 3D extruder pen allows direct drawing of 3D wire sculptures for novice users, enabling many novel applications such as intuitive spatial intelligence development for school students. However, the lack of spatial and structural cues among individual pen strokes makes the 3D drawing process challenging, which often leads to highly distorted and even incomplete wire sculptures. We present a mixed reality system, called ‘WireDraw’, to immersively guide the 3D drawing for easy wire sculpturing. The system design is based on novel 3D drawing principles and the subsequent optimization, making the stroke sequence of the wire model drawable and easy to draw. On-the-fly edits on unsatisfactory strokes are also allowed for creative design. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our system by testing on a variety of wire models and a user study. The results show that the visual guidance provided by our system is extremely helpful for drawing high-quality wire sculptures.

3D Beach Art | Meghna


We thank all the volunteers for participation, reviewers for helpful comments, and Garoe Dorta-Perez for proofreading. This work was supported in part by Innovation and Technology Fund (ITS/072/16), Microsoft Research Lab – Asia (MSRA), EPSRC Grant (EP/K02339X/1 and EP/M023281/1), State Intellectual Property Office National Patent Development Strategy (PS2016-005), Xiamen Overseas Scholar Project (XRS2016 314-10), and the Social Sciences Planning Projects of Fujian Province (FJ2016C095).


author = {Yue, Ya-Ting and Zhang, Xiaolong and Yang, Yongliang and Ren, Gang and Choi, Yi-King and Wang, Wenping},
title = {WireDraw: 3D Wire Sculpturing Guided with Mixed Reality},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
series = {CHI '17},
year = {2017},
isbn = {978-1-4503-4655-9},
location = {Denver, Colorado, USA},
pages = {3693--3704},
numpages = {12},
url = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/3025453.3025792},
doi = {10.1145/3025453.3025792},
acmid = {3025792},
publisher = {ACM},
address = {New York, NY, USA},
keywords = {3D extruder pen, drawing optimization, mixed reality, stroke generation, wire sculpture},